The drug problem among the British teenagers (реферат)
1.What did the European survey
2.The most spread species of drugs.
g)Tranquillisers & Sedatives
3.A story about Simon Foster.
4.Report of Institute for the Study
of Drug Dependence.
5.A new anti-drug campaign &
The title of
this paper is "The drug problem among the British teenagers". At
present there exists a big problem, concerning many teenagers. This is the
problem of drug addiction.
of many countries takes measures to eliminate this addiction. But even in such
developed country as Great
Britain these measures aren't very
effective. However the police very often arrest 12- & 13-year-old drug
The aim of my
scientific work is to expose the harm of the drug addiction & to explain it
to the Ukrainian youth, because the drug problem is a very big problem. If we
don't stop it, the damage to humanity will be irreparable loss. The consequence
of the drug-use in many cases is the death.
What did the
European survey show?
many secret groupings devoted to spreading of drugs. There are many kinds of
drugs & that's why many teenagers cannot resist the drugs' temptation.
That's why last
year, a European survey showed that the number of teenagers who had tried drugs
was 6 per cent in Greece, 15
per cent in France and 30
per cent in Britain.
that drug use by British teenagers has doubled since 1989. Half teenagers who
were interviewed admitted they had tried at least one type of drug. 70 per cent
said they had been offered drugs in the past 3 months.
drugs that the government is most worried about are stimulant drugs such as
Speed and Ecstasy (or 'E' as it is commonly known) and hallucinogenic drugs
such as LSD. They are worried that many young people believe these drugs to be
exciting and fashionable. They think that many of teenagers will be influenced
by films such as Transporting and Pulp Fiction, which show attractive people
The most spread species of drugs.
It must be noted
that the most spread species of drugs are cannabis, cocaine, heroin &
others. The following paragraph deals with the short story about every of them
Cannabis. Commonly found in herbal form,
looking like sage or dried herbs, or as a resin, resembling chunks of liquorice
or a golden powder.Usually smoked by
mixing with tobacco; gives off aromatic, slightly sickly smell. Produces
feeling of elation, relaxation. Can cause psychological dependence and
short-term memory loss; increases risk of bronchitis and other lung problems.
Cocaine. Fine, white crystalline powder,
usually taken by sniffing it up a use or by injection. Produces state of
euphoria. Prolonged "snorting" causes ulceration and perforation of
the nasal septum. Crack cocaine is a smokable form, varying from yellow/beige
"rocks" to white powder. Powerfully psychologically addictive. Produces
rush of euphoria followed by rapid depression.
Heroin. White or speckled browns powder;
can be sniffed, injected, or heated and the resulting fumes then inhaled.
Produces relaxed euphoria, dehydration and lack of appetite. Highly addictive.
Amphetamines. Commonly a powder found in a
variety of colours, but may be in pill or capsule form. Taken orally, injected
or inhaled, amphetamines cause excitability, talkativeness, feeling of
unlimited energy. Regular use can lead to weight loss and psychological
Ecstasy. Tablet or capsule in a variety
of colours and forms.Increases
awareness and energy, inhibitions disappear; causes dehydration, increased
blood pressure and heart rate; may affect co-ordination. Has been linked with
by mouth, as tiny coloured tablets, or impregnated in paper or gelatine
squares. Effects include heightened awareness of sound and colour,
hallucinations; may also cause disorientation, panic, persecution mania and
conviction of invincibility. Flashbacks can occur several months after use.
Psilocybin is another hallucinogen, found in so-called "magic
mushrooms"—certain species of fungi that grow in the wild.
and Sedatives. Tablets or capsules in various colours and forms available legally on
prescription. Usually taken orally; cause drowsiness, light-headedness, feeling
of relaxation. May cause psychological dependence.
A story about Simon Foster.
Next is concern
with the story about an English teenager, 15-year-old Simon Foster.
At school he
felt a misfit, until he fell in with a group of boys with whom he began
enjoying something in common: smoking cannabis. "I thought it was really
cool, and that I'd found a niche in life."
adventure became regular routine. But after 18 months, Simon was caught
red-handed. He was expelled from school and, fined £25, acquired a criminal
parents found it hard to talk to him about the problem; their anxiety all too
often turned attempts at discussion into shouting matches. They took the view
that Simon should face up to life's difficulties as they had done when young.
never to touch drugs again—but after he won a place at a London sixth-form college, he soon made
contact with local pushers. He did so badly in his A levels that university was
out of the question. He began drifting through life, taking short-lived
reporting jobs on local newspapers and trying just about every drug, from
Valium and amphetamines to LSD and even heroin. But cocaine became the main
love of his life. "I never forgot the first 'high' it gave me. From then
on it was as if I was forever chasing that wonderful buzz of total
As he came to
rely on cocaine, his life spiralled into nightmare. "I kept telling myself
that I was just a 'recreational' user. But I spent more and more time behind
closed curtains in my flat, gripped by loneliness, fear and paranoia. Yet I was
terrified of giving up the drug that seemed to help me cope with those
At 25, realizing
at last that he could no longer ignore the problem, he sought help from a group
therapy programme. Now drug-free and trying to make a living as a freelance
writer, he concludes: "My addiction wasted my time, money and opportunities.
Understanding that was a major step towards recovery." Thousands of other
young people risk going down the same route as Simon Foster.
of Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence.
A 1993 report by the Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence
estimated that by the age of 20, up to one person in three has tried drugs,
mainly cannabis. About one in ten—around half a million youngsters—are thought
to have tried amphetamines; another half-million are believed to use Ecstasy
regularly. In 1992, there were 2,754 under-17s convicted for possessing drugs—a
264 per cent increase since 1988.
trying drugs earlier and earlier. An annual countrywide summary of the
experience of children aged 11 to 15, by Exeter University,
found that in 1992 the percentage at each age that had used drugs had almost
doubled since 1990.
1992, Scarborough police charged or cautioned
26 children between 12 and 16 about use of LSD. In Dorset,
police arrested children of 12 and 13 for possession of LSD and Ecstasy.
A new anti-drugs compaign.
with this problem the government of Great Britain decided that it
needed a new anti-drugs compaign. However, before it did this, it studied young
people's attitudes. The survey showed that teenagers knew that drugs were bad
for them but they could not actually name any health risk associated with
particular drugs. It also showed that 61 per cent of teenage drug-users would
consider stopping using drugs if they thought they were a serious danger to
It was also
understood that many teenagers ignored drugs warnings in schools because they
thought they were childish. In fact, it was proved that in some cases, the
reason for taking drugs was to rebel against warnings from adults.
results of the survey, a new campaign has been started. The new campaign hopes
to treat teenagers like adults. It informs young people of the health risks
associated with particular drugs. It does this with photos of teenagers. On the
advertisements, the parts of their bodies which can be damaged by drugs, are
indicated by biological diagrams showing the health risks.
teenagers try drugs as a 'dare' to show their friends that they are not scared.
Often their friends insist until the person says 'yes'. The health authority
hope that the advertisements will help teenagers to say 'no' to this and be
able to have good reasons to say it. In addition to posters, the health
authority has also made radio advertisements and put the number of their drugs
helpline (a telephone number that can be called confidentially for help) in a
lot of places. The people at the helpline advise people what to do if they have
a drug problem or need more information about the dangers of drugs.
this work the problem of drugs has been disclosed. We see that drug addiction
brings incorrigible harm to humanity. Still there is more & more people
fall for its temptation. We know that medicine-drugs are given to seriously ill
people to alleviate their suffering. But these medicines have one insidious property:
organism gets accustomed to them quickly & wants new doses.
addiction is our enemy. And if we don't struggle against it, it'll bring many
losses. In addiction I want to say that drug addiction is as a white storm
cloud, which isn't seen on the horizon, but unfortunately, many young people
have already been caught in its big, terrible rain.
care of this white storm cloud!
Реферат на тему: The drug problem among the British teenagers (реферат)