People all over the world are fond of sports
and games.Sport makes people healthy, keeps them fit,
more organized and better disciplined.Some
people go in for sports for their health and some for professional aims.
There are many stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, football
fields in each town.Practically all kinds of sports are popular
in this country but football, figure-skating and tennis enjoy the greatest
popularity.A lot of people are fond of
jogging.In the morning and in the evening we can see
people jogging in the parks, stadiums and even in the streets.In every school pupils spend much time going
in for sports.First of all they have
their physical training lessons.And when
school is over they may train at different sports clubs and sections in
different kinds of sport.
Professional sport is also paid much
attention to in this country. Every year there are a lot of sport competitions,
sport day and Olympiads. 0nce in four years the Olympic Games take place in different
There are Summer and Winter Olympic Games.This is a great sport competition of the best
sportsmen in the world.
The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in
777 BC in Greece and
took place every four
years for nearly twelve centuries at Olimpia. They included
many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling,
etc. All the cities in Greece
sent their best athletes to Olimpia to compete in the Games.
For the period of the Games
all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol
of peace and friendship.
In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed
until many centuries
a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all
the sports governing
bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and its
Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place.
Of course, the competi-
tions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of
the centuries-old tradition.
In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It
is the central policy-
making body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the
representatives of all coun-
tries which take part in the Olympic Games. The International
decides upon the programme of the games, the number of the
participants and the city-
host for the Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are
represented in the
International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country
has its National Olympic
Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are
always several cities
wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by
the International Committee.
After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the
competitions, constructs new
sports facilities, stadiums, hotels, press centres.
Thousands of athletes, journalists and
guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to
arrange everything. There is
always an interesting cultural programme of concerts,
exhibitions, festivals, etc., for each Games.
Figure skating was included in the 1908 Olympics and ice
hockey was added in 1920. The First Olympic Winter Games were staged in
Chamonix, France, in 1924. 294 athletes from 16 nations took part in 14 events.
Over the next 68 years, the Winter Games were held in the same year as the
Summer Games. A new cycle began in 1994. Now the Winter Olympics, while still
held every four years, are staged in a different year than the Summer Games. At
the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake City, more than 2000 athletes representing more
than 70 nations with compete in 78 different events. Half of these events have
been added to the Olympic program since 1984.
In 1998 the Winter Games returned to Japan after 26 years.
Snowboarding and curling debuted as official sports and women's ice hockey was
introduced to the Olympic program. For the first time, the men's ice hockey
tournament was opened to all professionals. The inspired team from the Czech
Republic scored a surprise victory. Björn Dählie won three gold medals in
Nordic skiing to become the first winter athlete to earn eight career gold
medals and twelve total medals. Tara Lipinski won the women's figure skating
title to become, at age fifteen, the youngest champion in an individual event
in the history of the Winter Olympics. The spirit of the Games was exemplified
by Alpine skier Hermann Maier. Maier survived a spectacular fall in the
downhill, recovered and earned gold medals in both the super-g and the giant
7 - 22 February 1998
2 302 Athletes (814 women, 1 488 men) Numbers:
7 sports - 68 Events
- 72 nations
Aosta (ITA), Jaca (ESP), Oestersund (SWE) and Salt Lake City (USA)
bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, luge, skating, and skiing.
Markus Zimmermann (GER)
Bobsleigh, gold medal (four-man) and bronze medal
Alpine skiing, gold medal (giant slalom) and silver medal
Georg Hackl (GER)
Luge, Olympic champion for the third consecutive time
Jumping, 2 gold medals (120m individual and 120m team) and
silver medal (90m)
Hermann Maier (AUT)
Alpine skiing, 2 gold medals (giant slalom and super G)
Short-track speed skating, 2 gold medals (1 000m and 3 000m
relay) and bronze medal (500m)
Swiss Curling team
Björn Dählie (NOR)
Cross-country skiing, 3 gold medals (10km, 50km and 4x10km
relay) and silver medal (15km pursuit-free)
Tara Lipinski (USA)
Figure skating, Olympic champion
Katja Seizinger (GER)
Alpine skiing, 2 gold medals (alpine combination and
downhill) and bronze medal (giant slalom)
In February 2002, the world will focus its
attention on Salt Lake as the Olympic Winter Games return to America
for the first time in over two decades. Once again, we will watch the bravery
and daring of young athletes in their pursuit of gold. Not since Lake Placid in
1980 have the Olympic Winter Games occurred in the U.S.A.
On the evening of 8
February 2002, Utah will step onto the world stage.
Nearly 3.5 billion people around the world will watch the Opening Ceremonies of
the Olympic Winter Games of 2002. Millions of spectators will also be
entertained by a variety of on-site performers throughout 17 days of Olympic
competition and 9 days of the Paralympic Winter Games. The Salt Lake Organizing
Committee is looking for thousands of volunteer performers and performance
groups to take part in this historic event.