Yesterday it was Sunday, that’s why my last
day off was not long ago and I remember it quite well. I always try to do my
best to make my holidays really exciting, because we have only few days in a
week for relaxation and rest.
Yesterday my friends and I agreed to meet at
my place. First we watched a very interesting TV show «What? Where? When?».
Then we went took a videocassette and watched an outstanding movie «The
Independence Day». This is a story about strangers from the other planets that
were trying to conquer the whole Earth and about the struggle against them. The
movie is full of visual effects and computer graphics that takes your breath
and makes you admire the modern technologies in the cinema. I wish our studios
and directors made such movies. «The Independence Day» can be added to the
genius pieces of modern art – that is my opinion.
Having watched the film, we decided that it
was a time to go outside. The first place we went to was the sports ground.
Though it was rather cold, we put on warm clothes and had fun. Almost all day
long we played soccer and basketball.
As for me, I like weekends and holidays, as
the majority of other people. And I like telling about my holidays. It’s dull
to listen about the ordinary working day, how do you think? Every working day
looks like another, but every weekend is different from the other. During the
weekend we have an opportunity of enjoying the life and having rest.
2. The library of our institute.
«Library is a temple ofbooks», -- somebody said. And I fully agree
with these wise words. Every person in our country elder than 14 years old, I’m
sure, was at least one time in the library. The majority of young people has
subscriptions to the libraries they like. The libraries not only give us a vast
choice of books, but also offers excellent opportunities of having rest.
As you know, I study at the Far-Eastern State
University, and I’m very
proud that its library is thought to be the one of the largest in Primorye and
even the whole Far-East.
Soon after our
studies began, we had heard for a course of lectures about the university
library. We were told about the rules of using books we take from the library
and about its catalogues. Having listened to this course, we passed an examination
that showed everything we had learnt.
Soon I had to visit our library the first
time as I needed a text book on economics. I went downstairs (as library is
situated in the ground floor) and found a room I was searching for. But I
didn’t get the immediately as it was many students. SoI waited for my turn. I asked to a librarian
if I could get the book on economical theory. She answered affirmatively and
soon brought me a book which name was «Modern economics». Than the librarian
asked me if it was for the first time I used the library’s services. I answered
that it was true, and she suggest me to receive reader’s ticket. I was
interested to know what documents I had to provide for this. She told that she
needed only my photo 3x4 cm and some money. Fortunately, I had picture with
myself and two minutes later I was the owner of reader’s ticket, which proves
that I am a real member of the university library.
So, that is my story about our library. By
the way, I want to say you that I was greatly surprised the level of service in
it. It was very pleasant to meet kind librarian that was eager to help in
everything you ask.
3. A visit to a sick friend.
Everybody can fall ill with any disease.
Fortunately, only cold and flu are quite frequent in our city among infectious
illnesses. They are rather easy for the modern medicine and various pills can
help you a lot in overcoming this trouble. But, of course, being sick isn’t a
pleasant way of spending your time. In such situation friend’s participation in
this trouble can encourage you, give you moral support and even can make
yourself feel better. That’s why you always should visit your sick friends. You
must remember that tomorrow this illness may happen with you.
I always try to follow this rule. Fortunately,
my friends don’t fall ill frequent. But I remember such case that happened
about 12 months ago. One of my best school friends had fallen ill with hard
form of flu. Soon I went to his place to see him. I took some things that, as I
was expecting, were interesting for him. Among them I brought a videocassette
with best game moments of National Basketball Association. He was very glad for
this present and soon we both were enjoying the outstanding games of the
strongest basketball league in the world. Then I told him all last school news
and everything about the material we had passed when he was absent. Then we
tried to entertain ourselves and started to solve crosswords in the newspapers,
to watch TV set, so we began to do all that everybody makes when he doesn’t
know what to do. To my surprise, I lost the feeling of time and there was deep
evening, when I understood, that it was a time to go to the home. When I was
leaving for the home, my friend promised that he would be all right soon and he
kept his word. In a two days he came to school and started to study various
subjects with new energy. Sometimes a little interval is useful for a person.
Modern medicine helps us a lot in a illness
treatment. It also gives us many advises of how not to fall ill. Please follow
these recommendations, and don’t be sick.
4. My family.
We are 4 at our family: my mother, father, my
elder brother and I. I think, our family is friendly, united. We spend much
time together, go for a walk in the woods, visit theaters, museums, go to the
cinema. My mother’s name is Luidmila Mikhailovna. She is an engineer, she works
in an office. She is a kind, nice woman. She can cook very well. She is fond of
reading. My father’s name isKonstantin
Alexeevich. He is a sailor. He is a strong, clever man. He often tells me
interesting stories about different countries. Father can do a lot of things.
He teaches me to repair furniture, to drive a car. My brother’s name is Alexei.
He is 22 years old. He have been studied in Far- Eastern State Marine Academy
for 5 years. Now it is a very difficult period for him: he is passing through
I have my duties about the house. I must go
shopping, clean the rooms. It’s not difficult for me. I like our home to be
clean and tidy. I think home is the nicest place. As proverb says, «East or
West, home is best». There is no place more delightful than home and there are
no people more dear than your relatives.
5. The working day of an engineer.
One of my friend, Dmity Shevelev, lives in Vladivostok now though he
was born in Nakhodka. Some years ago he graduated from the one of our
institutions and became an engineer. Now he lives near his office. He usually
walks there. He works on weekdays. I can’t say that he work hard, but all his
mates like him because he is a good mixer or, as you may say, he is very
communicable person. He doesn’t work on Saturday or Sunday. His working day
usually lasts for eight hours. His duties are to answer all incoming letters
and calls, to meet with different specialists, to help young engineers. He
often tells me that he likes his job. I usually meet him after the work and we
speak about life. He is very glad that he found such work where he can show all
his talents. Though there is a difference between our ages, we have much in
common. He is among my best friends.
By the way, my friend knows English rather
well (he finished school #13). It helps him a lot as every year various foreign
delegations come to their office. These delegations change different technologies
with our specialists and discuss many problems. All foreigners thought Shevelev
to be the best translator in their institute.
6. My working day.
I usually start my day with getting up and
doing all things that everybody does in the morning: washing, having breakfast,
etc. Also, I got used to gather my learning tools: pencils, exercise-books,
text-books in the morning. Then I usually go to the university. Fortunately,
father takes a car every morning and he often picks me up and drives me to the
doors of our university building.
And soon the lectures and lessons begin... We
have from 2 to 4 lectures every time, depending on day. I like studying in the
university more than in the school because in university it is mostly allowed
to miss some lectures (of course, later you should take a summary from your
mate and copy it). So, a student is much more free, than pupil is.
After the lessons I usually return home where
I have dinner and start thinking about my ways of spending the rest of the day.
Very often I go to my friend’s places. During the early autumn and summer I
often go to the sports ground or on the beach. I also like visiting different
sports events, for example, soccer matches of «Luch» in Russian championship.
So, the world is full of enjoyable things to do.
On returning home I usually start doing my
homework (perhaps, it is the most dull part of the day). Having finished it, I
open a book and read it or watch TV. At last, I go to the bed.
Of course, I would like to tell you more about
myself and my working day, but, unfortunately, my time is rather limited and I
have got a lot of homework to do. Generally, now you know about my working day
7. My grandmother country house.
You are lucky if you have grandmother in the
country to go to. Visiting
our old relatives gives us excellent chance to become children again. Every
time you are at your grannies they start to take care of you. That’s why
everybody loves his grannies very much. Countryside is always the nicest place
for everybody as its fresh air cheers you up and the low level of noise helps
you to have real rest.
My grandmother lives at Oceanskaya station.
Every summer I got used to spent my summer vocations at her place. It is the
nicest place for me. There is sand beach and deep forest – it is all I need for
the rest. Every day is full of adventures – you may investigate woods, get
sunburn or swim in the sea. And if you also find good friends to spend time
with – you may call this place real paradise. And all this pleasures one can
get only in 25
kilometers of the city!
My grandmother is kind old woman. Her name is
Lidia Federovna. All her life she worked hard and now she is still very
industrious and tender-hearted. I love her very much. All best moments in my
life I spent at her place at Okeanskaya station. I will never forgot my
grandmother’s house and I am sure the impressions I got there will be among the
brightest in my life.
8. The lesson of English.
As you know, our group has two English lesson
a week: on Tuesday and Friday. When the teacher come and opens the door, we
come in and sit down at the tables. Then we open our bags and take our
exercise-books and Bonk’s text-books.
And soon the lesson begins... We usually
start it by pronouncing different words and sounds. Then we are usually invited
to the blackboard by the teacher and Oksana Victorovna asks us the words we
were to teach by heart. After that we usually do some exercises from the
text-book. These exercises teach us to ask questions, or how to make negative
sentences and so on. Then, having got our exercise-books for tests, we usually
write spelling, two tests and a quiz. During the lesson we speak mostly
English, but sometimes, when the students don’t understand the teacher or the
task in the text-book, we start speaking Russian.
What I like best of all in our English
lessons is the gay, friendly atmosphere in the class. The funny joke is always
To the end of the lesson the teacher always
gives us a huge homework. It usually consists of learning new words or a text
by heart and making several exercises in a writing form. Then we all say
good-bye to our teacher and begin preparing to the new lesson.
Here I want to end my small composition about
the English lessons in the university, where I study. And I want to say you
that all English lessons are among the most interesting and the most exciting
lessons; that’s why I like them very much.
9. What will be there in my new flat.
Every young man wants to live independently.
And I’m not an exception. Of course, the time will come, when I will alone in
my flat. I wait for this moment andimagine, that my new flat will be at least three roomed. There will be a
study, a bed-room, a dinning-room. Of course, there also will be a kitchen and
a bathroom. The dinning- room will be big comfortable room with big table in
the center. There also will be several armchairs, and a big TV set in it. In
this room I shall receive guests. I also shall put a piano in the one of
corners of the room and shall start taking piano lessons cause I like this
musical instrument very much.
The bed-room will become my favorite one
because it is a room of rest where everybody can spend several hours without
noise and fuss. There I shall put my PC that helps me very much.
Another room – study will be the place where
I shall do all my work. There will be a large table full of papers and several
shelves. I am going to gather big collection of books, so they won’t stay
That’s how I imagine my future flat. I hope
that these dreams will become true.
10. How did I spend last summer?
I think summer is the best season for rest
because it is warm, the nature is beautiful and we have great opportunities for
rest. Summer is a time of holidays. We can go for a walk all day long, watch
the clouds, swim, sit down by a river or a lake on fresh, green grass, climb
high hills, play different games, ride a bicycle and so on.
I spend my summer holidays at my granny.
There were many things there to enjoy. I swam in the sea, laid in the sun and
did many other things. Sometimes I made a fire with my friends at the seaside
and cooked potatoes there. It was wonderful. We told anecdotes to each other,
and did everything we wanted. I also got used to walk alone in the forest.
When the August was coming to the end, I went
on a small voyage by ship. The ship name was «Olga Sadovskaya».
But the last summer wasn’t for me only sugar
and honey. I have passed through the graduating exams in school and entering
exams in the university and technical university. So the bigger part of my
summer vocations I spent at the books. Of course, it was not interesting, but
I’m glad that I did it because now I’m a student of the best university in
Primorye and the whole Far-East.
11.My first journey.
For some people there is nothing so exciting
as traveling, and I’m not an exception. And I’m happy that I have traveled a
lot and I hope that my first journey wasn’t the last one.
First I bought a ticket for plane. Many
people think, that nothing can be compared with traveling by air, because it is
the most comfortable, and, of course, the quickest way of moving. There is none
of the dust and dirt of a railway or car journey, none of the trouble of
changing from train of another to streamer and then to another train. But
booking tickets in summer is a problem. The air-fare is quite expensive and not
all people can afford it.
Then I continued my way by the train. This
kind of transport has also many advantages. With a train you have a comfort and
speed combined. Froma comfortable
corner seat of a railway carriage you have a splendid view of a countryside. If
you are hungry you can have a meal in the dinning-car and if the journey is
long one can have a bed in a sleeper.
But I believe that there is no travel so fine
as by ship. It’s wonderful to feel the deck of the ship under the feet, to see
the rise and fall of the waves, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in the face,
hear the cry of the sea-gulls. Of course, the voyage isn’t exciting for those
who are sea-sick when the sea is a little bit rough.
Many people say: «Give me a walking tour any
time». And it is not surprising. The walker leaves the dull, broad highway and
goes along little winding lanes where cars can’t go. He takes mountain paths
through the heather, he wonders by the side of quiet lakes and through the
shades of woods.
He sees the real country, the wild flowers,
the young birds in their nests, the deer in the forest, he feels the quietness
and calm of nature. And besides, you are saving a lot of money by traveling on
foot. No one can deny that walking is the cheapest method of traveling.
12.My work at the foreign trade company.
Hello, my name is Maxim Sviridov. I work as a
manager at the «Star tour» company. It is Russian company which works on the
business travel market. Two weeks ago I was sent by the administration of our
company to London
where I studied the English travel companies, their traditions, their marketing
and management. Now my business trip is coming to the end and I want to share
with you my impressions of English business world. First of all English
businessmen are well known all over the world for their honesty and decency. If
an Englishman gives you his word he will keep it in any case. Besides that,
nothing can prevent him from refusing the once taken decision. Of course, there
are some exclusions, but they are so rare that nobody should put attention on
During the last two weeks my working day was
approximately the same. Early in the morning I took a taxi to my hosts’
headquarters, which is situated in the City – the business heart of London. First of all I
usually asked Ms. Lapital – my secretary if there were any letters or cables
for me. Then she gave me my correspondence and fresh newspapers and I followed
to my office-room. There I studied all documents that had come for my name and
wrote a short report about previous business day and thenfaxed it to my native company in Vladivostok. After that I
went to Mr. Forsberg’s office-room to get tasks for the new day and ask some
questions about their company, its history, traditions, clients, and so on.
After that I usually did what Mr. Forsberg asked. My usual job was meeting with
potential clients, discussing their rest plans and offering the services of Mr.
Forsberg’s company. I usually met with 10 or 12 people a day. They were
representatives of different social groups and communicating with them
increased my knowledge of England
and Englishmen, their psychology greatly. This business trip was a great chance
for me and I hope I used this chance fully. Now I know a lot about Western
business world, about travel business and this knowledge will, of course, help
my in my future career.
It is not a secret that our meals influence
much on our health and our mood. That’s why I consider breakfast to be the most
important meal in the day as it is the first our meal and it can put us in good
spirits or it can’t. Now I shall tell you about my breakfast.
In the morning I usually have porridge. I
often start my breakfast with a cereal which is not cooked, it is something
dry, ready to be eaten or muesly – some grain or porridge which is not cooked
with dried fruit, nuts and so on.
I also like eggs (cooked in different ways).
I don’t practically eat butter, I prefer soft margarine – made of vegetable
fat, which is not heavy and creamy. I don’t eat jam at breakfast, I eat
marmalade which is not sweet, there is slight bitterness; it’s rather pleasant.
I usually don’t have substantial breakfast on
weekdays, I do it on weekends when I get up late. Very often I have just tea or
coffee with sandwiches. Tea is usually taken by me with milk. I like very
strong tea without sugar.
Sometimes when I am in hurry I don’t have
time to have proper breakfast and I go to the university being hungry. In such
case I usually buy something like «Snickers» or «Mars» on my way to the Alma
14.My district and my flat.
As you know, Vladivostok,
the capital of thePrimorsky region,
occupies the peninsula
of Murav’ev-Amursky which
is washed by Amur and Ussuri gulfs. One part of this peninsula, called
Egersheld (it was named after one of the explores of Russian Far-East), is my
native district. Egersheld is known from the foundation of Vladivostok. More then one hundred years ago
the first houses for the seamen appeared in it. Since that time Egersheld is
known as the working center of the city. Now, for example, the territory of the
commercial port is situated in this district. Egersheldis the most environmental friendly district
in the city as it is open to strong sea winds which blow out all harmful
substances in the air and clouds of dust. Of course, this has a negative side –
the average temperature in the district in winter is lower than in the other
parts of Vladivostok.
As my native district occupies very special geographical position (in fact,
Egersheld – is a small peninsula
peninsula) so its citizens may admire beautiful sea scenes every evening when
the sun is hiding for the horizon. These seascapes are really breathtaking and
very often you may see dozens of artists trying to carry this wonderful sight
to paper or canvas.
Now about my flat. I live in Sipyagina, 31.
Our flat is not very large, its double-roomed. If you know the word «khrushovka»,
you may imagine what is our flat looks like. Besides these two rooms we also
have a kitchen and a bathroom. I think there is no any outstanding thing in our
flat that is worth describing. We have a TV set inone of the rooms, two wardrobes, two working
tables, and small bookcase where our home library is kept.
Реферат на тему: 14 ессе по англійській мові (реферат)